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新东方彩票平台_2017骞磋冪爺鑻辫(涓)鐪熼绗3绡 To Convert Growth Into Well-being

鏉ユ簮:骞歌繍蹇3app涓嬭浇_骞歌繍蹇3app - 鑺卞皯閽变腑澶у骞歌繍蹇3app涓嬭浇_骞歌繍蹇3app - 鑺卞皯閽变腑澶у鑻辫 缂栬緫:villa 锘  VIP鍏嶈垂澶栨暀璇曞惉璇 |  骞歌繍蹇3app涓嬭浇_骞歌繍蹇3app - 鑺卞皯閽变腑澶у骞歌繍蹇3app涓嬭浇_骞歌繍蹇3app - 鑺卞皯閽变腑澶у瀹樻柟寰俊:ikekenet
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鍔犺浇涓..

Robert F. Kennedy once said that a country's GDP measures "everything except that which makes life worthwhile."

缃椾集鐗孤疯偗灏艰开鏇捐杩囷紝涓涓浗瀹剁殑鍥藉唴鐢熶骇鎬诲煎垢杩愬揩3app涓嬭浇_骞歌繍蹇3app - 鑺卞皯閽变腑澶у浠ヨ 閲忊滈櫎浜嗚鐢熸椿鏈変环鍊煎鐨勪竴鍒囦簨鎯呪濄
With Britain voting to leave the European Union, and GDP already predicted to slow as a result, it is now a timely moment to assess what he was referring to.
新东方彩票平台鑻卞浗鎶曠エ鍐冲畾鑴辩娆х洘锛岄璁′細鑷翠娇鍥藉唴鐢熶骇鎬诲间笅婊戯紝鐜板湪姝f槸璇勪环浠栬繖鍙ヨ瘽鐨勬渶浣虫椂鍒汇
The question of GDP and its usefulness has annoyed policymakers for over half a century.
鍥藉唴鐢熶骇鎬诲肩殑闂鍙婂叾浣滅敤宸茬粡鍥版壈鍐崇瓥鑰呭崐涓涓栫邯浜嗐
Many argue that it is a flawed concept.
璁稿浜鸿〃绀猴紝杩欐槸涓涓敊璇殑姒傚康銆
It measures things that do not matter and misses things that do.
瀹冭 閲忕殑鏄竴浜涗笉閲嶈鐨勪簨鎯咃紝鍗村拷鐣ヤ簡閲嶈鐨勬柟闈€
By most recent measures, the UK's GDP has been the envy of the Western world, with record low unemployment and high growth figures.
鏈杩戞暟鎹樉绀猴紝鑻卞浗浣庡け涓氱巼鍜岄珮澧為暱鏁版嵁鍏ㄩ兘绐佺牬绾綍锛屽叾鍥藉唴鐢熶骇鎬诲间护瑗挎柟鍚勫浗缇℃厱銆
If everything was going so well, then why did over 17 million people vote for Brexit, despite the warnings about what it could do to their country's economic prospects?
濡傛灉鐪熺殑鏄竴鍒囬兘杩涜鍦板緢椤哄埄锛岄偅涔堜负浠涔堜細鏈1700澶氫竾浜洪潪瑕佹姇绁ㄨ劚娆э紝瀹屽叏涓嶉【杩欎竴琛屼负瀵瑰浗瀹剁粡娴庡墠鏅殑濞佽儊鍛紵
A recent annual study of countries and their ability to convert growth into well-being sheds some light on that question.
鏈杩戝叧浜庡浗瀹跺強鍏跺皢缁忔祹澧為暱杞寲涓烘皯浼楀垢绂忔劅鐨勫勾搴︾爺绌朵竴瀹氱▼搴︿笂琛ㄦ槑浜嗚繖涓棶棰樼殑鍘熷洜銆
Across the 163 countries measured, the UK is one of the poorest performers in ensuring that economic growth is translated into meaningful improvements for its citizens.
新东方彩票平台鍏充簬缁忔祹澧為暱鏄惁骞歌繍蹇3app涓嬭浇_骞歌繍蹇3app - 鑺卞皯閽变腑澶у浠ョ湡姝f敼鍠勪汉姘戠敓娲绘柟闈紝鑻卞浗鏄琛¢噺鐨163涓浗瀹朵腑琛ㄧ幇鏈宸殑鍥藉涔嬩竴銆
Rather than just focusing on GDP, over 40 different sets of criteria from health, education and civil society engagement have been measured to get a more rounded assessment of how countries are performing.
璇ョ爺绌跺苟涓嶄粎浠呮槸鍏虫敞鍥藉唴鐢熶骇鎬诲硷紝涓轰簡鏇村叏闈㈠湴琛¢噺涓涓浗瀹剁殑琛ㄧ幇锛屼粠鍋ュ悍锛屾暀鑲层佹皯鏉冪ぞ浼氬弬涓庣瓑鏂归潰閲囩敤浜40澶氱涓嶅悓鐨勬爣鍑嗚繘琛岃 閲忋
While all of these countries face their own challenges, there are a number of consistent themes.
灏界鎵鏈夊浗瀹堕兘闈复鑷韩鐨勬寫鎴橈紝浣嗘湁浜涢棶棰樹竴鐩村瓨鍦ㄣ
Yes, there has been a budding economic recovery since the 2008 global crash, but in key indicators in areas such as health and education, major economies have continued to decline.
新东方彩票平台鏄殑锛08骞村叏鐞冮噾铻嶅嵄鏈虹垎鍙戜互鍚庯紝缁忔祹鍦ㄤ笉鏂仮澶嶏紝浣嗗湪鍋ュ悍锛屾暀鑲茬瓑閲嶈鎸囨爣棰嗗煙锛屼富瑕佺粡娴庝綋閮藉湪鎸佺画涓嬫粦銆
Yet this isn't the case with all countries.
浣嗗苟涓嶆槸鎵鏈夊浗瀹堕兘瀛樺湪杩欐牱鐨勯棶棰橈紝
Some relatively poor European countries have seen huge improvements across measures including civil society, income equality and environment.
涓浜涚浉瀵硅传绌风殑娆ф床鍥藉鍦ㄦ皯鏉冪ぞ浼氥佹敹鍏ュ叕骞冲拰鐜鏂归潰鏈夌潃宸ㄥぇ鐨勬敼鍠勩
This is a lesson that rich countries can learn: When GDP is no longer regarded as the sole measure of a country's success, the world looks very different.
新东方彩票平台杩欐槸瀵岃鍥藉骞歌繍蹇3app涓嬭浇_骞歌繍蹇3app - 鑺卞皯閽变腑澶у浠ュ惛鍙栫殑鏁欒锛氬綋鍥藉唴鐢熶骇鎬诲间笉鍐嶄綔涓鸿 閲忓浗瀹舵槸鍚︽垚鍔熺殑鍞竴鏍囧噯锛屼笘鐣屽皢鍙樺緱寰堜笉涓鏍枫
So what Kennedy was referring to was that while GDP has been the most common method for measuring the economic activity of nations, as a measure, it is no longer enough.
鎵浠ワ紝鑲凹杩墍鎸囩殑鏄紝灏界鍥藉唴鐢熶骇鎬诲煎凡缁忔垚涓鸿 閲忓浗瀹剁粡娴庢椿鍔ㄦ渶鏅亶鐨勬柟娉曪紝浣嗘槸浠呬粎鏄竴绉嶆柟娉曪紝杩樹笉瓒冲銆
It does not include important factors such as environmental quality or education outcomes 鈥 all things that contribute to a person's sense of well-being.
鍥犱负锛屽畠骞舵病鏈夋兜鐩栦竴浜涢噸瑕佺殑鍥犵礌锛屽鐜璐ㄩ噺鎴栬呮暀鑲叉垚鏋溾斺旇鐭ラ亾锛岃繖浜涘洜绱犻氬父鎵嶈兘缁欎竴涓汉甯︽潵骞哥鎰熴
The sharp hit to growth predicted around the world and in the UK could lead to a decline in the everyday services we depend on for our well-being and for growth.
鍏ㄤ笘鐣屼互鍙婅嫳鍥斤紝閮介娴嬬粡娴庡闀夸細鍙楀埌閲嶅ぇ鎵撳嚮锛岃繖涓鎵撳嚮骞歌繍蹇3app涓嬭浇_骞歌繍蹇3app - 鑺卞皯閽变腑澶у鑳藉鑷存垜浠淮鎸佸垢绂忔劅鍜岀粡娴庡闀挎墍渚濊禆鐨勬棩甯告湇鍔℃按骞充笅闄嶃
But policymakers who refocus efforts on improving well-being rather than simply worrying about GDP figures could avoid the forecasted doom and may even see progress.
浣嗘槸濡傛灉鍐崇瓥鑰呴噸鏂板叧娉ㄦ彁鍗囧垢绂忔劅鑰屼笉鏄粎浠呮媴蹇冨浗鍐呯敓浜ф诲肩殑鏁版嵁锛屽氨鑳藉閬垮厤骞歌繍蹇3app涓嬭浇_骞歌繍蹇3app - 鑺卞皯閽变腑澶у浠ラ瑙佺殑缁忔祹浣庤糠锛屽疄鐜扮湡姝g殑杩涙銆

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
recovery [ri'kʌvəri]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鎭㈠锛屽鍘燂紝鐥婃剤

 
assess [ə'ses]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

v. 浼板畾锛岃瘎瀹

 
flawed [flɔ:d]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鏈夌己闄风殑锛涙湁鐟曠柕鐨勶紱鏈夎绾圭殑

 
timely ['taimli]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鍙婃椂鐨勶紝閫傛椂鐨
adv. 鍙婃椂鐨

鑱旀兂璁板繂
measured ['meʒəd]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 閲忚繃鐨勶紝鎱庨噸鐨勶紝鍩轰簬鏍囧噯鐨勶紝鏈夐煹寰嬬殑 鍔ㄨ瘝me

 
quality ['kwɔliti]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鍝佽川锛岀壒璐紝鎵嶈兘
adj. 楂樺搧璐ㄧ殑

 
assessment [ə'sesmənt]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 浼颁环锛岃瘎浼

 
engagement [in'geidʒmənt]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 濠氱害锛岃濠氾紝绾︿細锛岀害瀹氾紝浜ゆ垬锛岄泧鐢紝(鏈哄櫒闆朵欢绛)

 
convert ['kɔnvə:t,kən'və:t]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

v. 鍙樻崲锛(浣)杞彉锛屼娇 ... 鏀瑰彉淇′话锛屽掔疆锛屽厬鎹

鑱旀兂璁板繂
except [ik'sept]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 闄わ紝闄ゅ
prep. & conj.

鑱旀兂璁板繂

鏂颁笢鏂硅冪爺缃戠粶璇剧▼:璇曞惉鏇村鑰冪爺缃戠粶璇剧▼>>

鍙戝竷璇勮鎴戞潵璇2鍙

    鑻辫瀛︿範鑺傜洰鎺ㄨ崘

    骞歌繍蹇3app涓嬭浇_骞歌繍蹇3app - 鑺卞皯閽变腑澶у骞歌繍蹇3app涓嬭浇_骞歌繍蹇3app - 鑺卞皯閽变腑澶у鑻辫瀹樻柟寰俊(寰俊鍙:ikekenet)

    姣忓ぉ鍚戝ぇ瀹舵帹閫佺煭灏忕簿鎮嶇殑鑻辫瀛︿範璧勬枡.

    娣诲姞鏂瑰紡1.鎵弿涓婃柟骞歌繍蹇3app涓嬭浇_骞歌繍蹇3app - 鑺卞皯閽变腑澶у骞歌繍蹇3app涓嬭浇_骞歌繍蹇3app - 鑺卞皯閽变腑澶у瀹樻柟寰俊浜岀淮鐮併
    娣诲姞鏂瑰紡2.鎼滅储寰俊鍙ikekenet娣诲姞鍗冲垢杩愬揩3app涓嬭浇_骞歌繍蹇3app - 鑺卞皯閽变腑澶у銆